NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 7: Tertiary and Quaternary Activities

Hello Students. Are you Searching for the solutions of Class 12 Geography Chapter 7? If yes then you are in the right place. Here we have provided you with the Question and Answers of Chapter 7: Tertiary and Quaternary Activities. These solutions are written by expert teachers and are so accurate to rely on.

Chapter7. Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
TextbookFundamentals of Human Geography
CategoryNCERT Solutions for Class 12

Class 12 Geography Chapter 7 Solutions covers the question and answer of the whole chapter. These solutions will help you to understand the concept of Tertiary and Quaternary Activities chapter. If you are preparing for your exams then you should not miss this guide. These solutions are based on the curriculum of CBSE and will help you to ace your exams with excellent grades.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 7

Tertiary and Quaternary Activities Solutions

1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below

i) Which one of the following is a tertiary activity?

(a) Farming
(b) Trading
(c) Weaving
(d) Hunting

Answer) (b) Trading

ii) Which one of the following activities is NOT a secondary sector activity?

(a) Iron Smelting
(b) Catching Fish
(c) Making Garments
(d) Basket Weaving

Answer) (b) Catching Fish

iii) Which one of the following sectors provides most of the employment in Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata?

(a) Primary
(b) Secondary
(c) Quaternary
(d) Service

Answer) (d) Service

iv) Jobs that involve high degrees and level of innovations are known as:

(a) Secondary activities
(b) Quaternary activities
(c) Quinary activities
(d) Primary activities

Answer) (c) Quinary activities

v) Which one of the following activities is related to quaternary sector?

(a) Manufacturing computers
(b) Paper and Raw pulp production
(c) University teaching
(d) Printing books

Answer) (c) University teaching

vi) Which one of the following statements is not true?

(a) Outsourcing reduces costs and increases efficiency
(b) At times engineering and manufacturing jobs can also be outsourced
(c) BPOs have better business opportunities as compared to KPOs.
(d) There may be dissatisfaction among job seekers in the countries that outsource the job.

Answer) (c) BPOs have better business opportunities as compared to KPOs.

2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words

i) Explain retail trading service.

Answer) Retail trading service is the business activity concerned with the sale of goods directly to the consumers. Most of the retail trading takes place in fixed establishments or stores solely devoted to selling.

ii) Describe quaternary services.

Answer) Quaternary services involve the collection, production and dissemination of information or even the production of information. These activities centre around research, development and may be seen as an advanced form of services involving specialised knowledge and technical skills.

iii) Name the fast emerging countries of medical tourism in the world.

Answer) India, Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia are the fast emerging countries of medical tourism in the world.

iv) What is digital divide?

Answer) Opportunities emerging from the Information and Communication Technology based development is unevenly distributed across the globe. There are wide ranging economic, political and social differences among countries. While developed countries in general have surged forward, the developing countries have lagged behind and this is known as the digital divide.

3. Answer the following questions in not more than 150 words

i) Discuss the significance and growth of the service sector in modern economic development.

Answer) Services occur at many different levels. Some are geared to industry, some to people; and some to both industry and people, e.g. the transport systems. Low-order services, such as grocery, shops and laundries, are more common and widespread than high-order services or more specialized ones like those of accountants, consultants and physicians. Services are provided to individual consumers who can afford to pay for them. For example the gardener, the launderers and the barber do primarily physical labour. Teacher, lawyers, physicians, musicians and others perform mental labour.

Service sector is well developed in regions where there is high technological and educational know how. There is an increase in international trade of services. Services once generated can be easily availed by many and provide high monetary value in terms of wages, service charges etc. As a country develops, more and more people shift to tertiary activities and the share of tertiary activities in the GDP is even faster. Service sector provides the most lump some amount of foreign exchange and income for the country. Therefore service sector is a major contributor in the modern economic development.

ii) Explain in detail the significance of transport and communication services.

Answer) The significance of transport and communication services:

  • Transport and communication services are called lifeline of an economy.
  • Transport is a service or facility by which people, materials and manufactured goods are physically carried from one location to another. Modern society requires speedy and efficient transport systems to assist in the production, distribution and consumption of goods. At every stage in this complex system, the value of the material is significantly enhanced by transportation.
  • Communication services involve the transmission of words and messages, facts and ideas. The invention of writing preserved messages and helped to make communication dependent on means of transport. These were actually carried by hand, animals, boat, road, rail and air. Where the transport network is efficient, communications are easily disseminated. Certain developments, such as mobile telephony and satellites, have made communications independent of transport.

That’s it. These were the solutions of NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 7- Tertiary and Quaternary Activities. Our team hopes that you have found these solutions helpful for you. If you have any doubt related to this chapter then feel free to comment your doubts below. Our team will try their best to help you with your doubts.

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