Hello Students. Are you Searching for the solutions of Class 12 Geography Chapter 4? If yes then you are in the right place. Here we have provided you with the Question and Answers of Chapter 4: Human Development. These solutions are written by expert teachers and are so accurate to rely on.
|Chapter||4. Human Development|
|Textbook||Fundamentals of Human Geography|
|Category||NCERT Solutions for Class 12|
Class 12 Geography Chapter 4 Solutions covers the question and answer of the whole chapter. These solutions will help you to understand the concept of Human Development chapter. If you are preparing for your exams then you should not miss this guide. These solutions are based on the curriculum of CBSE and will help you to ace your exams with excellent grades.
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 4
Human Development Solutions
1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below:
i) Which one of the following best describes development?
(a) an increase in size
(b) a constant in size
(c) a positive change in quality
(d) a simple change in the quality
Answer) (c) a positive change in quality
ii) Which one of the following scholars introduced the concept of Human Development?
(a) Prof. Amartya Sen
(b) Ellen C Semple
(c) Dr. Mahabub-ul-Haq
Answer) (c) Dr. Mahabub-ul-Haq
2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words
i) What are the three basic areas of human development?
Answer) The three basic areas of human development are:
- Access to resources
ii) Name the four main components of human development?
Answer) The four main components of human development are:
iii) How are countries classified on the basis of human development index?
Answer) Countries are classified into three groups on the basis of human development index:
- Countries with High Index value: Countries who have a score of above 0.8 in HDI. This group includes 57 countries.
- Countries with Medium Index value: Countries who have a score between 0.5 upto 0.799 in HDI. This group includes 88 countries.
- Countries with Low Index value: Countries who have a score of below 0.5 in HDI. This group includes 32 countries.
3. Answer the following questions in not more than 150 words.
i) What do you understand by the term human development?
Answer) The concept of human development was introduced by Dr Mahbub-ul-Haq. Dr Haq has described human development as development that enlarges people’s choices and improves their lives. People are central to all development under this concept. These choices are not fixed but keep on changing.
The basic goal of development is to create conditions where people can live meaningful lives. A meaningful life is not just a long one. It must be a life with some purpose. This means that people must be healthy, be able to develop their talents, participate in society and be free to achieve their goals.
ii) What do equity and sustainability refer to within the concept of human development?
Answer) Equity refers to making equal access to opportunities available to everybody. The opportunities available to people must be equal irrespective of their gender, race, income and in the Indian case, caste.
Sustainability means continuity in the availability of opportunities. To have sustainable human development, each generation must have the same opportunities. All environmental, financial and human resources must be used keeping in mind the future. Misuse of any of these resources will lead to fewer opportunities for future generations.
That’s it. These were the solutions of NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 4- Human Development. Our team hopes that you have found these solutions helpful for you. If you have any doubt related to this chapter then feel free to comment your doubts below. Our team will try their best to help you with your doubts.