NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 2: Migration: Types, Causes and Consequences

Hello Students. Are you Searching for the solutions of Class 12 Geography Chapter 2? If yes then you are in the right place. Here we have provided you with the Question and Answers of Chapter 2: Migration: Types, Causes and Consequences. These solutions are written by expert teachers and are so accurate to rely on.

Chapter2. Migration: Types, Causes and Consequences
TextbookIndia People and Economy
CategoryNCERT Solutions for Class 12

Class 12 Geography Chapter 2 Solutions covers the question and answer of the whole chapter. These solutions will help you to understand the concept of Migration: Types, Causes and Consequences chapter. If you are preparing for your exams then you should not miss this guide. These solutions are based on the curriculum of CBSE and will help you to ace your exams with excellent grades.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 2

Migration: Types, Causes and Consequences Solutions

1. Choose the right answers of the followings from the given options

i) Which one of the following is the main reason for male migration in India?

(a) Education
(b) Business
(c) Work and employment
(d) Marriage

Answer) (c) Work and employment

ii) Which one of the following states receives maximum number of immigrants?

(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Delhi
(c) Maharashtra
(d) Bihar

Answer) (c) Maharashtra

iii) Which one of the following streams is dominated by male migrants in India?

(a) Rural-rural
(b) Urban-rural
(c) Rural-urban
(d) Urban-Urban

Answer) (c) Rural-urban

iv) Which one of the following urban agglomeration has the highest share in migrant population?

(a) Mumbai UA
(b) Delhi UA
(c) Bangalore UA
(d) Chennai UA

Answer) (a) Mumbai UA

2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words

i) Differentiate between life-time migrant and migrant by last residence.

Answer) If the place of birth of a person is different from the place of enumeration, the person is known as lifetime migrant. If the place of last residence is different from the place of enumeration he is known as migrant by place of last residence.

ii) Identify the main reason for male/female selective migration.

Answer) Work and employment is the main cause for male migration (38 percent) while it is only three percent for the females. Marriage is the main cause of migration among females as they move out from their parental houses following their marriage.

iii) What is the impact of rural-urban migration on the age and sex structure of the place of origin and destination?

Answer) Young males migrate from rural area migrate to urban places in search of employment thus, number of young males reduced in rural areas and increased in urban areas. The number of females, children and old people increased in rural areas.

3. Answer the following questions in about 150 words

i) Discuss the consequences of international migration in India.

Answer) The consequences of international migration in India are:

  • A major benefit for the source region is the remittance sent by migrants. Remittances from the international migrants are one of the major sources of foreign exchange. These are mainly used for food, repayment of debts, treatment, marriages, children’s education, agricultural inputs, construction of houses, etc.
  • The loss of human resources particularly highly skilled people is the most serious cost. The market for advanced skills has become truly a global market and the most dynamic industrial economies are admitting and recruiting significant proportions of the highly trained professionals from poor regions.
  • The illegal migration from neighboring countries of India caused population explosion and laid great stress on the available resources.

ii) What are the socio-demographic consequences of migration?

Answer) Social Consequences:

  • Migration leads to intermixing of people from diverse cultures.
  • It has positive contribution such as evolution of composite culture and breaking through the narrow considerations and widens up the mental horizon of the people at large.
  • But it also has serious negative consequences such as anonimity, which creates social vacuum and sense of dejection among individuals.
  • Continued feeling of dejection may motivate people to fall in the trap of anti-social activities like crime and drug abuse.

Demographic Consequences:

  • Migration leads to the redistribution of the population within a country.
  • Rural urban migration is one of the important factors contributing to the population growth of cities.
  • Age and skill selective out migration from the rural area have adverse effect on the rural demographic structure.
  • However, high out migration from Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Eastern Maharashtra have brought serious imbalances in age and sex composition in these states.

That’s it. These were the solutions of NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 2 – Migration: Types, Causes and Consequences. Our team hopes that you have found these solutions helpful for you. If you have any doubt related to this chapter then feel free to comment your doubts below. Our team will try their best to help you with your doubts.

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